klionsec大牛的博客说是准备关闭了,看了里面的文章,肾好了很多,决定保存下来,一开始是准备找小弟手动保存的,嗯~ 奈何小弟不听话了,只有2个响应,就想用python来批量保存,模拟鼠标来操作,再想到可不可以保存为一个单个文件,就找到了mht格式,不懂请Google,在ve2x找到了可以保存为mht格式的module —— chilkat:https://www.chilkatsoft.com/python-mht.asp,发现没有中文教程,哈哈,Google一番:
安装:https://www.chilkatsoft.com/installWinPython.asp
保存使用实例:https://www.example-code.com/python/mht_saveWebPage.asp
详细使用文档:http://www.chilkatsoft.com/refdoc/pythonCkMhtRef.html


爬取大牛博客文章案例
大牛博客:klionsec.github.io
1. 先是通过正则表达式获取全部文章URL,并保存在URLs.txt
2. 上代码

#coding:utf-8
import sys
import chilkat
import requests
import random
import re
import os


def save(URL,title):
    mht = chilkat.CkMht()

    success = mht.UnlockComponent("Anything for 30-day trial")
    if (success != True):
        print(mht.lastErrorText())
        sys.exit()

    success = mht.GetAndSaveMHT(url,title)
    if (success != True):
        print(mht.lastErrorText())
        sys.exit()
    else:
        print("MHT Created!")


def randHeader():

    head_connection = ['Keep-Alive','close']
    head_accept = ['text/html, application/xhtml+xml, */*']
    head_accept_language = ['zh-CN,fr-FR;q=0.5','en-US,en;q=0.8,zh-Hans-CN;q=0.5,zh-Hans;q=0.3']
    head_user_agent = ['Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; Trident/7.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/28.0.1500.95 Safari/537.36',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/7.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; .NET4.0C; rv:11.0) like Gecko)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.2) Gecko/2008070208 Firefox/3.0.1',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1) Gecko/20070309 Firefox/2.0.0.3',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1) Gecko/20070803 Firefox/1.5.0.12',
                       'Opera/9.27 (Windows NT 5.2; U; zh-cn)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; PPC Mac OS X; U; en) Opera 8.0',
                       'Opera/8.0 (Macintosh; PPC Mac OS X; U; en)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.8.1.12) Gecko/20080219 Firefox/2.0.0.12 Navigator/9.0.0.6',
                       'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; Trident/4.0)',
                       'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/4.0)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.2; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Maxthon/4.0.6.2000 Chrome/26.0.1410.43 Safari/537.1 ',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.2; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; QQBrowser/7.3.9825.400)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:21.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/21.0 ',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/21.0.1180.92 Safari/537.1 LBBROWSER',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0; BIDUBrowser 2.x)',
                       'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/536.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/20.0.1132.11 TaoBrowser/3.0 Safari/536.11']


    header = {
        'Connection': head_connection[0],
        'Accept': head_accept[0],
        'Accept-Language': head_accept_language[1],
        'User-Agent': head_user_agent[random.randrange(0,len(head_user_agent))]
    }
    return header


if __name__ == '__main__':
    urls = open('urls.txt','r').readlines()
    for url in urls:
        url = url.strip()
        print url
        html  = requests.get(url,headers=randHeader(),timeout=20).content
        title_str = re.findall(u"<title>(.*?)-",html)[0].decode("utf-8").encode("utf-8")+".mht"
        title_str = title_str.replace("/","-")

        title_unicode = title_str.decode("utf-8")
        print title_str
        # print title_unicode
        title_url = url.split("/")[-1]
        print title_url
        save(url,title_url) # Save content
        os.rename(title_url,title_unicode)



总结

  • 找到可以保存为mht的包 chilkat
  • 保存为中文路径等中文处理
    无论打印还是新建中文的路径都是要用unicode的。
    str_ = "走三音"
    print str_.decode("utf-8")
  • 此包貌似是不给我直接保存为中文的
    我就通过先保存为英文的,再用os.rename()改名成中文标题
  • 官方下载的chilkat是收费的,体验30天就就GG了。
    已经有大牛弄了个破解姿势,很久之前的破解姿势了,不晓得现在还能不能用了。python的mht转换模块chilkat破解
    import win32api
    import win32con
    keypath = 'Software\\Chilkat Software, Inc.'
    key=win32api.RegOpenKey(win32con.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE,keypath ,0,win32con.KEY_ALL_ACCESS)
    win32api.RegDeleteKey(key,'ChilkatMHT\r\n')
  • 大牛本人也分享了他的源文件,自己搭建nodejs和hexo环境,替换source就可以了。http://www.cnblogs.com/liuxianan/p/build-blog-website-by-hexo-github.html

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